All About Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis 

photos of diverticulosis and diverticulitis

Health Information/ Health Reference

What is the Difference Between Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis?

Diverticula are pockets that develop in the colon wall.

These small pockets/pouches bulge outward through weak spots in the colon wall.

This condition is called diverticulosis.

If the Diverticulosisbecomes becomes inflamed and infected then Diverticulitis occurs.

What Are The Symptoms Of Diverticulitis? (Health Reference)

Diverticulitis Symptoms May Include:

  • Pain in the Abdomen
  • Tenderness of the Abdomen- usually the lower left side but the pain may occur on either side
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Feeling Bloated
  • Abdominal Swelling
  • Gas
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of Appetite

The symptoms of diverticulitis may last from a couple hours to a few days.

What Are The Tests For Diverticulitis?

Diverticulitis can be diagnosed with:

  • Barium X-rays
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • CT Scan

Complications if Diverticulitis is Left Untreated:

  • Surgery may be require to remove abscesses around infected diverticula
  • Peritonitis, a fatal infection if left untreated
  • Scarring or blockage of the intestine
  • Infection may spread to kidneys
  • Blood transfusion may be required
  • Perforated Colon


Treatment of Diverticulitis and Diverticular Disease:

Mild diverticulitis can often be treated at home

Your doctor most likely will prescribe antibiotics for the infection and paracetamol for the pain.

A fluid only diet for a few day may be recommended by your doctor. 

A low fiber diet is usually suggested until you are recovered from diverticulitis flare. 

Severe diverticulitis may need hospital treatment

You may need to go to the hospital:

  • If your pain is not controlled using paracetamol
  • You are unable to keep yourself hydrated
  • Your immune system is weak
  • You are unable to take antibiotics by mouth

After a diverticulitis recovery your doctor may recommend:

  • May include high fiber diet
  • Anti-spasmodic drugs.

Your doctor may suggest that you eat certain types of foods that may help prevent diverticulitis flares.

These foods include fruits and vegetables, legumes, and whole grains.

The medical field suggest that people with diverticulitis avoid eating seeds, nuts, and corn. 


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