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All About Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis

What is the Difference Between Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis?

Diverticula are pockets that develop in the colon wall.

These small pockets/pouches bulge outward through weak spots in the colon wall.

This condition is called diverticulosis.

If the Diverticulosis becomes inflamed and infected then Diverticulitis occurs.

To sum it up the following is the good way to remember the differences between diverticulosis and diverticulitis:

Diverticulosis = Small pockets on the colon wall.

Diverticulitis = Inflammation of the Diverticulosis 

Diverticulitis Symptoms

Diverticulitis Symptoms May Include:

  • Pain in the Abdomen
  • Tenderness of the Abdomen- usually the lower left side but the pain may occur on either side
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Feeling Bloated
  • Abdominal Swelling
  • Gas
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of Appetite

The symptoms of diverticulitis may last from a couple hours to a few days.

Diverticulitis Test

Diverticulitis can be diagnosed with:

  • Barium X-rays
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • CT Scan

Complications if Diverticulitis is Left Untreated:

  • Surgery may be required to remove abscesses around infected diverticula
  • Peritonitis, a fatal infection if left untreated
  • Scarring or blockage of the intestine
  • Infection may spread to kidneys
  • Blood transfusion may be required
  • Perforated Colon

Diverticulitis and Diverticular Treatment

Mild diverticulitis can often be treated at home

Your doctor most likely will prescribe antibiotics for the infection and paracetamol for the pain.

Diverticulitis Diet

Your help with your diverticulitis your doctor may recommend a clear liquid diet. 

Your doctor may also suggest a low fiber diet until you are recovered from diverticulitis flare. 

Severe diverticulitis may need hospital treatment

You may need to go to the hospital with severe diverticulitis if:

  • If your pain is not controlled using paracetamol
  • You are unable to keep yourself hydrated
  • Your immune system is weak
  • You are unable to take antibiotics by mouth

Diverticulitis Treatment 

After a diverticulitis recovery your doctor may recommend:

  • May include high fiber diet
  • Anti-spasmodic drugs.

Your doctor may suggest that you eat certain types of foods that may help prevent diverticulitis flares.

The food items to prevent diverticulitis flares include fruits and vegetables, legumes, and whole grains.

The medical field suggests that people with diverticulitis avoid eating seeds, nuts, and corn. 

 

I hope this All About Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis has been insightful.

You can find shortcuts to living with a chronic illness on the HypoGal Blog.

Resources:

http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/tc/diverticulitis-symptoms

 http://www.medicinenet.com/diverticulosis/article.htm

http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/understanding-diverticulitis-basics

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Diverticular-disease-and-diverticulitis/Pages/Treatment.aspx

 

Click on the following link to read about my health story with Diverticulitis:

 

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All About Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis
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All About Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis
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