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pituitary gland function

Pituitary Gland Photos

Pituitary Gland Disorders 

what are the diseases of the pituitary gland

When excessive or insufficient hormones are produced by the pituitary gland more than a dozen different disorders of the endocrine system can result.

The following is a list of pituitary gland disorders:  

 

 Diseases Caused by

 Pituitary Gland Disorders

 Caused By  Hormones Affected 

Acromegaly

overproduction growth hormone

Cushing's disease

overproduction adrenocorticotropic hormone
Growth hormone deficiency under production growth hormone

Syndrome of inappropriate

antidiuretic hormone

overproduction vasopressin
Diabetes insipidus under production vasopressin

Sheehan syndrome

under production any pituitary hormone
 Pickard-Fahlbusch-Syndrome  under production

any pituitary hormone,

except prolactin,

which is increased

Hyperpituitarism

overproduction any pituitary hormone

Hypopituitarism

under production any pituitary hormone

 

Please, note numerous web links used on the pituitary gland disorder list are from Wikipedia.  

The pituitary gland is responsible for releasing the following hormones:

Growth hormone (GH): Growth Hormone is essential in early years for growth in children and to maintain a healthy body composition. In adults, Growth Hormone helps to promote healthy bone, muscle mass and affects the distribution of fat.

Puberty hormones (LH, FSH): Luteinizing hormone (LH): LH works with FSH to ensure normal functioning of the ovaries and testes.

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH): TSH stimulates the thyroid gland to produce hormones.

Prolactin: Prolactin stimulates breast milk production

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH): ACTH stimulates the adrenal glands to produce hormones. The most important hormone the ACTH stimulates is Cortisol.

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH): The ADH hormone signals the kidneys to increase water absorption in the blood.

You may also find these web pages useful:

You can click on the following link to read about my HypoGal journey with Sheehan's Syndrome,

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Click on the following link to find Sheehan's Syndrome Support Groups.

Click here to find Autoimmune Disease Resources, American Autoimmune Related Diseases and National Institute of Health.

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Summary
Pituitary Gland Photo
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Pituitary Gland Photo
Description
The pituitary gland photo shows you the adrenal cortex, the output of the hormones secrete. You can also view the posterior and anterior of the pituitary gland.
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HypoGal
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