Pituitary Gland Disorders

Pituitary Gland Disorders 

what are the diseases of the pituitary gland

When excessive or insufficient hormones are produced by the pituitary gland more than a dozen different disorders of the endocrine system can result.

The following is a list of pituitary gland disorders:  

Diseases Caused by Pituitary Gland Disorders Caused By Hormones Affected 
Acromegaly overproduction growth hormone
Cushing’s disease overproduction adrenocorticotropic hormone
Growth hormone deficiency under production growth hormone
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone overproduction vasopressin
Diabetes insipidus under production vasopressin
Sheehan syndrome under production any pituitary hormone
 Pickard-Fahlbusch-Syndrome  under production any pituitary hormone, except prolactin, which is increased
Hyperpituitarism overproduction any pituitary hormone
Hypopituitarism under production any pituitary hormone

 

Please, note numerous web links used on the pituitary gland disorder list are from Wikipedia.  

The pituitary gland is responsible for releasing the following hormones:

Growth hormone (GH): Growth Hormone is essential in early years for growth in children and to maintain a healthy body composition. In adults, Growth Hormone helps to promote healthy bone, muscle mass and affects the distribution of fat.

Puberty hormones (LH, FSH): Luteinizing hormone (LH): LH works with FSH to ensure normal functioning of the ovaries and testes.

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH): TSH stimulates the thyroid gland to produce hormones.

Prolactin: Prolactin stimulates breast milk production

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH): ACTH stimulates the adrenal glands to produce hormones. The most important hormone the ACTH stimulates is Cortisol.

Anti-diuretic hormone (ADH): The ADH hormone signals the kidneys to increase water absorption in the blood.

You may also find these web pages useful:

Lab Tests Online

Where Is The Pituitary Located?

All About Cushing’s Syndrome

 

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