Pituitary Gland Disorders
When excessive or insufficient hormones are produced by the pituitary gland more than a dozen different disorders of the endocrine system can result.
The following is a list of pituitary gland disorders:
|Diseases Caused by Pituitary Gland Disorders||Caused By||Hormones Affected|
|Cushing’s disease||overproduction||adrenocorticotropic hormone|
|Growth hormone deficiency||under production||growth hormone|
|Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone||overproduction||vasopressin|
|Diabetes insipidus||under production||vasopressin|
|Sheehan syndrome||under production||any pituitary hormone|
|Pickard-Fahlbusch-Syndrome||under production||any pituitary hormone, except prolactin, which is increased|
|Hyperpituitarism||overproduction||any pituitary hormone|
|Hypopituitarism||under production||any pituitary hormone|
Please, note numerous web links used on the pituitary gland disorder list are from Wikipedia.
The pituitary gland is responsible for releasing the following hormones:
Growth hormone (GH): Growth Hormone is essential in early years for growth in children and to maintain a healthy body composition. In adults, Growth Hormone helps to promote healthy bone, muscle mass and affects the distribution of fat.
Puberty hormones (LH, FSH): Luteinizing hormone (LH): LH works with FSH to ensure normal functioning of the ovaries and testes.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH): TSH stimulates the thyroid gland to produce hormones.
Prolactin: Prolactin stimulates breast milk production
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH): ACTH stimulates the adrenal glands to produce hormones. The most important hormone the ACTH stimulates is Cortisol.
Anti-diuretic hormone (ADH): The ADH hormone signals the kidneys to increase water absorption in the blood.
You may also find these web pages useful:
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